• 研究报告 •

### 黑龙江省玉米气候生产力演变及其对气候变化的响应

1. (黑龙江省气象科学研究所， 哈尔滨 150030)
• 出版日期:2016-08-18

### Evolution of maize climate productivity and its response to climate change in Heilongjiang Province, China.

LI Xiu-fen*, ZHAO Hui-ying, ZHU Hai-xia, WANG Ping, WANG Qiu-jing, WANG Ming, LI Yu-guang

1. (Heilongjiang Institute of Meteorological Science, Harbin 150030, China).
• Online:2016-08-18

Abstract: Under the background of climate change, revealing the change trend and spatial difference of maize climate productivity indepth and understanding the regularity of maize climatic resources utilization can provide scientific basis for the macrodecision of agricultural production in Heilongjiang Province. Based on the 1981-2014 meteorological data of 72 weather stations and the corresponding maize yield data in Heilongjiang Province, by the methods of step by step revisal, spatial interpolation and linear trend analysis, this paper studied the photosynthetic productivity (PP), lighttemperature productivity (LTP), and climatic productivity (CP) of spring maize, and their temporal and spatial variation characteristics, main influencing factors and light energy utilization efficiency, and evaluated the maize climate productivities under different climate scenarios in the future. The results showed that during the study period, the mean PP, LTP and CP in Heilongjiang Province were 26558, 19953, 18742 kg·hm-2, respectively. Maize PP, LTP and CP were high in plains and low in mountains, and gradually decreased from southwest to northeast. PP, LTP and CP presented significantly increasing trends, and the increase rates were 378, 723 and 560 kg·hm-2·(10 a)-1, respectively. The increase of radiation and temperature had positive effect on maize production in Heilongjiang Province. The potential productivity of maize presented significant response to climate change. The decrease of solar radiation led to the decline of PP in western Songnen Plain, but the increased temperature compensated the negative effect of solar radiation, so the downward trend of LTP was slowed. The response to climate warming was particularly evident in North and East, and LTP was significantly increased, which was sensitive to the change of precipitation in southwest of Songnen Plain and part of Sanjiang Plain. The average ratio of maize actual yield to its climate productivity was only 24.1%, there was still 75.9% to be developed. In the future, the warm and wet climate would benefit the improvement of maize climate productivity, while the cold and dry climate would make an adverse impact.