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• 第八届全国景观生态学学术研讨会专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态系统服务流研究进展

刘慧敏1,2,范玉龙1,2,丁圣彦1,2*
  

  1. (1教育部黄河中下游数字地理技术重点实验室, 河南开封 475004;  2河南大学环境与规划学院, 河南开封 475004)
  • 出版日期:2016-07-18

Research progress of ecosystem service flow.

LIU Hui-min1,2, FAN Yu-long1,2, DING Sheng-yan1,2*#br#   

  1. (1Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for the Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions, Ministry of Education, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China; 2College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China).
  • Online:2016-07-18

摘要: 随着社会经济的发展,人类对生态系统的干扰导致多种生态服务退化或消失.生态系统服务流对生态系统服务的输送、转化和维持有重要作用,并成为相关研究的新兴方向之一.本文在对生态系统服务流进行分类的基础上,分析了生态系统服务传递的载体,初步探讨生态系统服务流的形成机制,包括服务流的形成、属性、尺度特征、定量化及其制图等.同时,对生态系统服务流的成本效应,如输送成本、转化成本、使用成本和成本相对性等进行尝试性分析,旨在分析生态系统服务流传递过程中的成本耗散.生态系统服务流研究一定程度上解决了生态系统服务价值评估的“双重核算”问题,使人类准确识别生态系统服务供给和消费热点区域,有利于生态系统服务在传递过程中达到效益最大化,对提出科学合理的生态补偿有重要意义.

关键词: 生态系统服务, 成本效应, 生态系统服务流, 载体

Abstract: With the development of social economy, human disturbance has resulted in a variety of ecosystem service degradation or disappearance. Ecosystem services flow plays an important role in delivery, transformation and maintenance of ecosystem services, and becomes one of the new research directions. In this paper, based on the classification of ecosystem services flow, we analyzed ecosystem service delivery carrier, and investigated the mechanism of ecosystem service flow, including the information, property, scale features, quantification and cartography. Moreover, a tentative analysis on cost-effective of ecosystem services flow (such as transportation costs, conversion costs, usage costs and cost of relativity) was made to analyze the consumption cost in ecosystem services flow process. It aimed to analyze dissipation cost in ecosystem services flow process. To a certain extent, the study of ecosystem service flow solved the problem of “double counting” in ecosystem services valuation, which could make a contribution for the sake of recognizing hot supply and consumption spots of ecosystem services. In addition, it would be conducive to maximizing the ecosystem service benefits in the transmission process and putting forward scientific and reasonable ecological compensation.

Key words: carrier, ecosystem services flow, ecosystem services, cost-effective.