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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2024, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 41-48.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202401.002

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Plant community differentiation of desertification region in northwest Liaoning Province, China

CHEN Qing, WANG Jiaxiao, WANG Yifan, WANG Yang, WANG Yan*   

  1. College of Life Science, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110034, China
  • Received:2023-07-29 Accepted:2023-10-20 Online:2024-01-18 Published:2024-03-21

Abstract: Understanding plant communities in desertification area is the scientific basis of evaluating the local eco-environmental quality and carrying out desertification control. According to longitude, we divided the desertification area in northwest Liaoning Province into three regions: the eastern region (122°50′37″ -123°49′40″ E), the middle region (121°16′41″-122°35′00″ E), and the western region (119°20′03″ -120°02′41″ E), and investigated the plant communities in each region. The results showed that the proportion of forest and canopy density of tree layer increased from the west to the east. Ass. Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica and Ass. Populus sp. in the eastern, Ass. Pinus tabuliformis and Ass. Populus sp. in the middle, as well as Ass. P. tabuliformis and Ass. Prunus sibirica in the western were dominant communities, respectively. The proportion of brush community in the eastern, middle and western was 0, 22.2%, and 28.0%, respectively. Grasslands formed mainly by human disturbance in the eas-tern and middle regions. The total species numbers were 110 in the middle, 88 in the western and 75 in the eastern, respectively. Therophytes were dominant in the eastern and middle with proportions of 68.2% and 66.7%, respectively. Hemicryptophytes were the dominant type (36.3%) in the western region. The proportion of microphanerophyt, nanophanerophyte, chamaephyte, and geophyte increased from the eastern to the western. The species number, Shannon index, and Simpson diversity index of the middle were the highest among the three regions. Pielou evenness index increased gradually from the eastern to the western. Community similarity between the eastern and the western was the lowest, as shown by the β-biodiversity, and the similarity between the middle and the western was the highest. The community type, species number, characteristics of species composition and species biodiversity of the middle region had the characteristics of ecological transition zone. In general, vegetation status in the desertification area of northwest Liaoning Province was in good condition. There were still some problems including the monotonous vertical structure of forest and tree species as well as the serious human interference.

Key words: desertification, plant community, species diversity