• 研究报告 •

### 生物质炭与氮肥配施对红壤线虫群落的影响

1. (1南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院, 南京 210095; 2江西红壤研究所, 南昌 331717)
• 出版日期:2016-01-18 发布日期:2016-01-18

### Influences of biochar and nitrogen fertilizer on soil nematode assemblage of upland red soil.

LU Yan-yan1, WANG Ming-wei1, CHEN Xiao-yun1, LIU Man-qiang1*, CHEN Xiao-min1, CHENG Yan-hong2, HUANG Qian-ru2, HU Feng1

1. (College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; 2Jiangxi Institute of Red Soil, Nanchang 331717, China)
• Online:2016-01-18 Published:2016-01-18

Abstract: The use of biochar as soil remediation amendment has received more and more concerns, but little attention has been paid to its effect on soil fauna. Based on the field experiment in an upland red soil, we studied the influences of different application rates of biochar (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 t·hm-2) and nitrogen fertilizer (60, 90, 120  kg N·hm-2) on soil basic properties and nematode assemblages during drought and wet periods. Our results showed that the biochar amendment significantly affect soil moisture and pH regardless of drought or wet period. With the increasing of biochar application, soil pH significantly increased, while soil moisture increased first and then decreased. Soil microbial properties (microbial biomass C, microbial biomass N, microbial biomass C/N, basal respiration) were also significantly affected by the application of biochar and N fertilizer. Low doses of biochar could stimulate the microbial activity, while high doses depressed microbial activity. For example, averaged across different N application rates, biochar amendment at less than 30 t·hm-2 could increase microbial activity in the drought and wet periods. Besides, the effects of biochar also depended on wet or drought period. When the biochar application rate higher than 30 t·hm-2, the microbial biomass C was significantly higher in the drought period than the control, but no differences were observed in the wet period. On the contrary, microbial biomass N showed a reverse pattern. Dissolved organic matter and mineral N were affected by biochar and N fertilizer significantly in the drought period, however, in the wet period they were only affected by N fertilizer rather than biochar. There was significant interaction between biochar and N fertilizer on soil nematode abundance and nematode trophic composition independent of sampling period. Combined high doses of both biochar and N fertilization promoted soil nematode abundance. Moreover, the biochar amendment increased the proportion of fungivores especially in the drought period, suggesting the biochar was the preferred fungal energy channel in comparison to soil without biochar addition. In summary, complex patterns occurred not only due to the application rate of biochar as well as their interactions with N fertilization but also due to the drought and wet periods. It is, therefore, necessary to consider different ecological factors when evaluating the effects of biochar in future.