• 研究报告 •

### 辽宁中部城镇密集区土地利用变化的碳排放及低碳调控对策

1. 1中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所， 沈阳 110016； 2沈阳建筑大学， 沈阳 110168）
• 出版日期:2016-02-18 发布日期:2016-02-18

### Carbon emissions and low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province, China.

XI Feng-ming1,2*, LIANG Wen-juan1,2, NIU Ming-fen2, WANG Jiao-yue1 

1. (1Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China; 2Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang 110168, China)
• Online:2016-02-18 Published:2016-02-18

3.8%的碳排放量.土地利用变化的净碳排放为296.87 Tg C，其中，保持用地类型不变的土地上净碳排放量是182.24 Tg C，对总排放量的贡献为61.4%；发生用地类型转换的土地上净碳排放量是114.63 Tg C，对总碳排放量的贡献为38.6%.通过量化土地利用变化和碳排放之间的映射关系可知，1997—2004年，保持建设用地不变（40.9%）和农田转为建设用地（40.6%）类型对碳源的贡献最大，农田转林地（38.6%）和保持林地不变（37.5%）类型对碳汇的贡献最大；2004—2010年，土地利用类型对碳源和碳汇的贡献类型与前一时段相同，但保持建设用地类型对碳源的贡献提高到80.6%，保持林地类型对碳汇的贡献提高到71.7%.基于不同景观变化类型的碳排放强度,我们从两方面提出低碳土地利用的调控对策：从碳减排方面，严格控制土地利用向建设用地转变，提高建设用地能源利用效率，避免对林地和水域过度开发利用；从碳增汇方面，增加森林覆盖率，实施农田、草地还林，加强对森林、水域的保护，调整农用地内部结构和科学实施农田管理.

Abstract: Carbon emissions due to land use change have an important impact on global climate change. Adjustment of regional land use patterns has a great scientific significance to adaptation to a changing climate. Based on carbon emission/absorption parameters suitable for Liaoning Province, this paper estimated the carbon emission of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province. The results showed that the carbon emission and absorption were separately 308.51 Tg C and 11.64 Tg C from 1997 to 2010. It meant 3.8% of carbon emission was offset by carbon absorption. Among the 296.87 Tg C net carbon emission of land use change, carbon emission of remaining land use type was 182.24 Tg C, accounting for 61.4% of the net carbon emission, while the carbon emission of land use transformation was 114.63 Tg C, occupying the rest 38.6% of net carbon emission. Through quantifying the mapping relationship between land use change and carbon emission, it was shown that during 1997-2004 the contributions of remaining construction land (40.9%) and cropland transform ation to construction land (40.6%) to carbon emission were larger, but the greater contributions to carbon absorption came from cropland transformation to forest land (38.6%) and remaining forest land (37.5%). During 2004-2010, the land use types for carbon emission and absorption were the same to the period of 1997-2004, but the contribution of remaining construction land to carbon emission increased to 80.6%, and the contribution of remaining forest land to carbon absorption increased to 71.7%. Based on the carbon emission intensity in different land use types, we put forward the lowcarbon regulation countermeasures of land use in two aspects. In carbon emission reduction, we should strict control land transformation to construction land, increase the energy efficiency of construction land, and avoid excessive development of forest land and water. In carbon sink increase, we should improve forest coverage rate, implement cropland, grassland transform to forest land, strengthen forest land and water protection, and adjust cropland internal structure and scientifically implement cropland management.