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应用生态学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 337-343.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202202.005

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氮磷配施对刨花楠幼林细根性状的影响

何睿橦1, 钟全林1,2,3*, 李宝银2,3, 程栋梁1,2,3, 徐朝斌2,3, 王艳1, 余华1,4, 常云妮1   

  1. 1福建师范大学地理科学学院, 福州 350007;
    2湿润亚热带山地生态国家重点实验室培育基地, 福州 350007;
    3福建师范大学福建省植物生理生态重点实验室, 福州 350007;
    4闽江学院海洋学院, 福州 350108
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-08 修回日期:2021-08-25 出版日期:2022-02-15 发布日期:2022-03-01
  • 通讯作者: *E-mail: qlzhong@126.com
  • 作者简介:何睿橦, 女, 1996年生, 硕士研究生。主要从事植物生理生态研究。E-mail: rtho1996@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31971643, 32071555)、福建省科技厅高校产学合作项目(2019N5009, 2020N5008)、福建省林业局项目(2020TG21, 2021FKJ29)、福建省财政厅专项经费项目(SC-299)和福建省自然科学基金项目(2018J01737)资助。

Effects of combined nitrogen and phosphorus addition on fine root traits of young Machilus pauhoi forest

HE Rui-tong1, ZHONG Quan-lin1,2,3*, LI Bao-yin2,3, CHENG Dong-liang1,2,3, XU Chao-bin2,3, WANG Yan1, YU Hua1,4, CHANG Yun-ni1   

  1. 1College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China;
    2State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Humid Subtropical Mountain Ecology, Fuzhou 350007, China;
    3Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Plant Ecophysiology, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China;
    4College of Oceanography, Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350108, China
  • Received:2021-06-08 Revised:2021-08-25 Online:2022-02-15 Published:2022-03-01

摘要: 氮磷是陆地生态系统植物生长的主要限制性元素,细根对植物生长具有重要影响。为了解氮磷配施对刨花楠人工幼林细根性状的影响,以3年生刨花楠人工幼林为对象,于2016年和2017年每年4—9月的每月中旬进行氮磷配施(添加比例分别为8∶1、10∶1、12∶1、15∶1),测定比根长、比表面积、平均直径、根组织密度、总碳、总氮含量及碳氮比等细根表型和养分性状指标,分析氮磷配施对细根性状的影响。结果表明: 氮磷配施对细根性状的影响在不同季节表现不同。6月,氮磷配施显著提高细根比表面积、总氮含量及0~1 mm的细根比根长,降低细根组织密度、碳氮比及0~1 mm细根直径,以氮磷比为12∶1处理最为明显,但在12月,氮磷配施则会显著提高细根组织密度、总氮含量、碳氮比及0~1 mm细根生物量。主成分分析发现,不同氮磷比添加对细根性状间关系影响不同,其中氮磷比为12∶1处理的细根性状分布在第1轴的两端,其他处理后的细根性状分布在第1轴和第2轴2个轴。细根平均直径变化量与全株生物量相对生长速率呈显著负相关,以氮磷比为12∶1的配施处理最有利于协调细根性状间关系,以及细根性状与全株生物量相对生长速率间的关系。

关键词: 氮磷配施, 细根表型, 细根养分, 刨花楠

Abstract: Both nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are the main limiting elements for plant growth in terrestrial ecosystems. Fine roots play a critical role in plant growth. To reveal the effects of combined N and P addition on fine root traits of Machilus pauhoi, we performed a field N and P addition experiment in the midmonth from April to September in 2016 and 2017 in a 3-year M. pauhoi forest (N and P supply ratios were 8:1, 10:1, 12:1, 15:1). Both fine root morphological traits (specific root length, specific root area, average diameter, root tissue density) and stoichiometric traits (total carbon content, total nitogen content and carbon-nitrogen ratio) were analyzed. The results showed that the effects of combined application of N and P on fine root raits varied with seasons. In June, fertilization significantly increased specific root area, total nitrogen content and specific root length of 0-1 mm fine root, but decreased root tissuse density, carbon-nitrogen ratio and average diameter of 0-1 mm root. The most obvious change of fine root traits in June was found under the treatment with a N and P supply ratio of 12:1. In December, combined N and P addition significantly increased root tissue density, total nitrogen content, carbon-nitrogen ratio as well as fine root biomass with the diameter of 0-1 mm. The results of principal component analysis showed that different N and P supply ratios exerted different effects on the relationships among fine root traits. Fine root traits were distributed at both ends of Axis 1 when treated with 12:1 N:P, while distributed at Axis 1 and Axis 2 under other treaments. There was a significant negative correlation between fine root average diameter variation and the relative plant growh rate. The relationship among fine root traits, and between fine root traits and the relative growth rate of plant biomass were optimally coordinated at the treament with a N:P ratio of 12:1.

Key words: combined N and P addition, fine root phenotype, fine root nutrient, Machilus pauhoi