• 研究报告 •

### 阔叶红松混交林林隙大小和林隙内位置对小气候的影响

1. （东北林业大学林学院， 哈尔滨 150040）
• 出版日期:2012-07-18 发布日期:2012-07-18

### Effects of forest gap size and within-gap position on the microclimate in Pinuskoraiensisdominated broadleaved mixed forest.

FENG Jing, DUAN Wen-biao, CHEN Li-xin

1. (College of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China)
• Online:2012-07-18 Published:2012-07-18

Abstract: HOBO automatic weather stations were installed in the central parts and at the south, north, east, and west edges of large, medium, and small gaps in a Pinus koraiensisdominated broadleaved mixed forest in Xiaoxing’anling Mountains to measure the air temperature, relative humidity, and photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) in these locations and the total radiation and precipitation in the gap centres from June to September 2010, taking the closed forest stand and open field as the controls. The differences in the microclimate between various size forest gaps and between the gap centers and their edges as well as the variations of the microclimatic factors over time were analyzed, and the effects of sunny and overcast days on the diurnal variations of the microclimatic factors within forest gaps were compared, aimed to offer basic data and practice reference for gap regeneration and sustainable management of Pinus koraiensisdominated broadleaved mixed forest. The PPFD was decreased in the order of large gap, medium gap, and small gap. For the same gaps, the PPFD in gap centre was greater than that in gap edge. The mean monthly air temperature and total radiation in gap centres were declined in the sequence of July, June, August, and September, and the amplitudes of the two climatic factors were decreased in the order of open field, large gap, medium gap, small gap, and closed forest stand. The mean monthly relative humidityin gap centres dropped in the order of August, July, September, and June, and the amplitude of this climatic factor was decreased in the sequence of closed forest stand, small gap, medium gap, large gap, and open field. The total and monthly precipitations for the three different size gaps and open field during measurement period generally decreased in the order of open field, large gap, medium gap, small gap, and closed forest stand. In sunny days, the variations of PPFD, air temperature, and relative humidity were greater in large gap than in small gap, but in overcast days, it was in opposite.