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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2018, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 2979-2987.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.201809.022

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Effects of selenium fertilization on selenium availability in rice soil.

ZHANG Mu, TANG Shuan-hu*, ZHONG Song-zhen, LI Ping, FU Hong-ting   

  1. Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences/ Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nutrient Cycling and Farmland Conservation, Guangzhou 510640, China.
  • Received:2017-12-11 Online:2018-09-20 Published:2018-09-20
  • Supported by:

    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31501835), the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (2015A030310449), and the Science and Technology Project of Guangzhou (201804010341).

Abstract: Selenium (Se) is easy to be fixed in acidic rice soil of South China, and thus its availability is low. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of Se fertilizer on Se availability in rice rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils. The results showed that Se application increased yield and rice Se concentration. The water soluble, exchangeable, Fe/Mn oxide-bound, organic matter/sulfide-bound, and residual Se contents of the rhizosphere soil were lower than those of the non-rhizosphere soil. There was no significant difference in the migration coefficient of Se between the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils. Se application had no significant effect on the migration coefficient of Se between roots and leaves but improved its migration coefficient between leaves and grains. The secretion of organic acids was increased by the application of 0.5 mg·kg-1 and decreased by the application of 1.0 and 5.0 mg·kg-1 Se. The secretion of organic acids had no significant effect on the rhizosphere soil pH. The pH of rhizosphere soil was higher than that of the non-rhizosphere soil, while the application of Se decreased the pH of the rhizosphere soil. With the increases of Se application, the intensity of the infrared absorption of clay mineral (kaolinite) in the rhizosphere soil showed an increasing trend. In this study, most of the Se was transformed into forms that were difficult to be absorbed and utilized by rice and difficult to move to rhizosphere soil. The enhancement of soil Se availability following the secretion of organic acids was not due to its effects on soil pH.