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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2023, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 221-228.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202212.035

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Screening of phosphorus solubilizing microorganisms in cold environment and their effects on the growth of Brassica napus

SUN Jian1, WANG Ya-yi2, ZHANG Xin-peng1, LI Song-ling2*   

  1. 1Qinghai University, Xining 810016, China;
    2Academy of Agricultural Forestry Sciences, Qinghai University, Xining 810016, China
  • Received:2021-12-13 Revised:2022-04-26 Online:2023-01-15 Published:2023-06-15

Abstract: To screen out phosphorus solubilizing strains that can adapt to cold climate in Qinghai Province, Bacillus mucilaginosus, B. megaterium, B. cereus, Streptomyces violovariabilis, S. cinnamofuscus, and S. flavoagglomeratus were screened with solid plate medium as the primary and liquid medium as the secondary screening, with calcium phosphate, lecithin, and phytic acid as the single source of phosphorus. By comprehensively comparing the size of phosphate solubilizing circle in the solid plate medium and the soluble phosphorus content in the liquid medium, three strains of phosphate solubilizing bacteria with good phosphate solubilizing effects were screened, S. violovariabilis, S. cinnamofuscus, and B. mucilaginosus. The three phosphate solubilizing bacteria were made into liquid ino-culants, and the small rapeseed pot experiment was carried out with two soils with different fertilities in a cold climate in September. Compared with the control, plant height, fresh weight, root length, and root weight of rapes in high-fertility cultivated soil increased by 35.5%, 191.0%, 26.2%, and 282.7%, while plant phosphorus absorption, total phosphorus and available phosphorus contents in the rhizosphere soil increased by 968.9%, 5.1%, and 2.1%, respectively. In low-fertility soil, plant height and fresh weight was increased by 45.8% and 61.3%, root length and weight was decreased by 2.6% and 4.4%, while plant phosphorus absorption and the contents of total P and available P in rhizosphere soil were increased by 91.5 %, 29.1%, and 213.7%, respectively. The effect of the other two inoculants treatments was less significant than S. violovariabilis. Therefore, S. violovariabilis was the phosphate solubilizing strain suitable for the cold climate in Qinghai.

Key words: phosphate solubilizing bacteria, growth promoting effect, alkaline soil.