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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2023, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 2489-2497.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202309.027

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Construction of ecological security pattern in Ningbo based on remote sensing ecological index and graph theory knowledge

HUANG Junjie, FENG Xiuli*, DONG Yuyi, ZHANG Chi, XIE Lijian, CHENG Junkai, GAO Tianyu   

  1. Department of Geography and Spatial Information Techniques, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2023-04-12 Revised:2023-07-19 Online:2023-09-15 Published:2024-03-16

Abstract: Constructing ecological security pattern and identifying ecological important areas are the focus of current research on regional ecological security. With Ningbo City as a case study area, we identified ecological sources by remote sensing ecological index, the ecological corridors and pinch point by circuit theory model, and the minimum spanning tree and cuts by graph theory algorithm. The results showed that there were 203 ecological sources in Ningbo, and that the main type of land cover was forest, including a small amount of paddy fields and flooded vegetation. There were 368 ecological corridors with a total length of 573.42 km, being dense in the southwest and sparse in the northeast. There were 91 ecological pinch points, which mainly distributed between coastal areas and closely related ecological sources. According to current situation, we put forward the optimization strategy with 187 primary corridors, 181 secondary corridors, 50 ecological restoration priority areas and 59 long-term ecological restoration areas. The optimization strategy combined with graph theory and circuit theory model would provide a refe-rence for the constructing of ecological security pattern.

Key words: ecological security pattern, remote sensing ecological index, circuit theory, graph theory