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Effects of temperature and illumination on flag leaf photosynthetic characteristics and senescence of wheat cultivars with different grain quality.

ZHANG Li-ping; JING Qi; DAI Ting-bo; JIANG Dong; CAO Wei-xing    

  1. Key Laboratory of Crop Growth Regulation of Agriculture Ministry, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2007-01-14 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-02-21 Published:2008-02-21

Abstract: Taking wheat cultivars Yumai 34 (high protein content in grain) and Yangmai 9 (low protein content in grain) as test materials, and by the method of growth chamber, this paper studied the effects of different combinations of temperature and illumination on the photosynthetic characteristics and senescence of their flag leaves at grain-filling stage. The results showed that both high temperature and low illumination had negative effects on the photosynthesis. They decreased the net photosynthetic rate (Pn), photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm), and actual photochemical efficiency (ΦPSⅡ) significantly, but their action mechanisms were differed. High temperature mainly decreased the chlorophyll content (SPAD value) and Pn, while low illumination mainly decreased the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters Fv/Fm and ΦPSⅡ, and thus, inhibited the activity of PSⅡ. High temperature increased the MDA content and decreased the soluble protein content and SOD activity, resulting in the acceleration of senescence, while low illumination increased the SOD activity and slowed down the senescence. Yumai 34 was more sensitive to high temperature and low illumination than Yangmai 9.

Key words: soil particle-size distribution, fractal dimension characteristics, vegetation mini-patch, desert steppe