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Exposure degree of important non-target arthropods to Cry2Aa in Bt rice fields.

ZHANG Qing-ling1,2, LI Yun-he1, HUA Hong-xia2, YANG Chang-ju2, WU Hong-jin1, PENG Yu-fa1   

  1. (1State Key Laboratory for Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China; 2College of Plant Science & Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China)
  • Online:2013-06-18 Published:2013-06-18

Abstract: Based on the principle of “risk = hazard × exposure”, the selected representative non- target organisms in the assessment of the potential effects of insect-resistant genetically modified (GM) crops on non-target arthropods in laboratory are generally the arthropod species highly exposed to the insecticidal proteins expressed by the GM crops in farmland ecosystem. In order to understand the exposure degree of the important arthropod species to Cry proteins in Bt rice fields, and to select the appropriate nontarget arthropods in the risk assessment of insect-resistant GM crops, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was conducted to measure the Cry2Aa protein concentration in the arthropods collected from the cry2Aa rice fields at different rice growth stages. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the Cry2Aa content protein concentration in different arthropod species. Some species did not contain Cry2Aa protein, while some species contained larger amounts of Cry2Aa protein. Relative to the arthropods colleted after rice anthesis, the arthropods colleted in rice anthesis contained relative higher concentrations of Cry2Aa protein, especially for the predacious arthropods. No Cry proteins were detected in parasitic arthropods. This study provided references for the laboratory assessment of the effects of GM rice on non-target arthropods.