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Multi-scale effects of landscape heterogeneity on pollinators’ diversity in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River: A case study in Gongyi, Henan, China.

WANG Run1,2, DING Sheng-yan1,2*, LU Xun-ling1,2, SONG Bo1,2#br#   

  1. (1Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for the Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions, Ministry of Education, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China; 2College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China).
  • Online:2016-07-18

Abstract: Eco-services provided by non-agricultural organisms are the basis of ecosystem to keep its stability in agricultural landscapes. With the strengthening of agricultural intensification, the ongoing loss of biodiversity is one of the most extrusive issues in the development of modern agriculture. In this paper, the study area was set up in Gongyi County, a typical agricultural region in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. According to its typical topography (mountainhillyplain) type, we explored the effects of landscape heterogeneity on the diversity of pollinators at three different scales, which were geomorphic categories, landscape and habitat. Pan traps were used to obtain pollinators in this study. The effects of agricultural landscape heterogeneity at multiscales on the diversity of pollinators were analyzed by using multivariable ANOVA. The results showed that a total of 67012 pollinator individuals that belonged to 86 classes and 7 subjects were classified. The dominant groups included Syrphidae and Anthomyiidae. The common groups included Drosophilidae, Calliphoridae, Bombyliidae, Pipunculidae, Cantharidae, Cynipidae, Vespidae, Chalalcididae, Megachilidae and Apidae. Geomorphic categories showed the most significant impact on pollinators (P<0.001), suggesting that hilly and mountainous areas were the pollinators’ ground of nectar. It was followed by habitat scale (P<0.05), with nonsignificant effect on the scales of landscape and the interaction between scales. The effect of landscape heterogeneity on the diversity of pollinators in hilly and mountainous areas provided a theoretical support for landscape planning and biodiversity conservation on the local area with different geomorphic categories.

Key words: pollinators diversity, multi-scale effects, the lower reaches of the Yellow River., pan traps, landscape heterogeneity