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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2012, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (03): 694-700.

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Differentiation of vegetation characteristics on slope micro-topography of fenced watershed in loess area of north Shaanxi Province, Northwest China.

WANG Jing1, ZHU Qing-ke1, QIN Wei2, ZHANG Hong-zhi1, YUN Lei1, XIE Jing1, KUANG Gao-ming1   

  1. 1Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Combating, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China; 2Department of Sedimentation, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100044, China
  • Online:2012-03-18 Published:2012-03-18

Abstract: Based on the investigation data of the vegetations in Hegou valley in Wuqi County of Shaanxi Province, this paper studied the vegetation characteristics on the five typical micro-topography categories including shallow gully, gully, collapse, platform, and scarp in the loess area of north Shaanxi, with the undisturbed slope as the control. There existed distinct differences in the species composition, quantitative characteristics, and species diversity of plant communities on the five typical micro-topography categories and the undisturbed slope. After twelve years of enclosure recovery, the study area formed herbaceous plant community, with Artemisia sacrorum and Artemisia giraldii as the dominant species. Among the main companion species, shrubs such as Prinsepia uniflora and Caragana korshinskii were found in scarp and gully, and hygrophyte Phragmites australis appeared in platform. The coverage, height, and biomass of the plant communities on most of the micro-topography categories, especially on the gully and collapse, were larger than those on the undisturbed slope. The Shannon index on the micro-topography categories and undisturbed slope was in the order of scarp > gully> shallow gully> undisturbed slope> platform> collapse.