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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2021, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (8): 2755-2762.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202108.009

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Species-habitat association of a deciduous broadleaved forest in the subtropical and tempe-rate transition zone

ZHU Wen-ting1,2,3, XIE Feng-lin1,2,3, LI Tao4, HE Nian-jun4, ZHANG Ke-rong2, ZHANG Quan-fa2, DANG Hai-shan2*   

  1. 1College of Science, Tibet University, Lhasa 850000, China;
    2Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China;
    3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    4Foping National Nature Reserve Administration, Foping 723400, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2021-03-03 Accepted:2021-04-29 Online:2021-08-15 Published:2022-02-15
  • Contact: *E-mail: dangkey@wbgcas.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Ministry of Ecology and Environment Biodiversity Survey and Evaluation Project (2019HJ2096001006)and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31971491,31770517)

Abstract: The species-habitat association analysis facilitates a better understanding of species coexis-tence and community assembly. Here, all trees in a 25-hm2 broadleaved deciduous forest plot in the Qinling Mountains of North-central China were classified into three life stages (i.e., seedling, sapling, and adult). The Torus-translation test was used to examine the species-habitat association. The results showed that the association of species with habitats varied across different species. Most species were significantly associated with high slopes, 95.7% of which showed negative association. 89.5% and 90.9% of tree species were negatively associated with low slopes and ridges, respectively. Most species had positive association with high valley, with only one negative association (0.03%). There were 80, 44 and 23 significant associations with habitats at seedling, sapling and adult stages, respectively, indicating that a greater dependence of seedlings on habitat. 38 species at seedling stage and 25 species at the sapling stage were associated with at least one habitat type, while only 17 species at the adult stage were significantly associated. The effects of habitat on species varied across life stages, showing a weaker species-habitat association at the later stage. Due to the specific environmental demands, most species showed different habitat preferences across life stages.

Key words: habitat association, climate transitional zone, topography, habitat preference, niche theory