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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2023, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 1395-1403.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202305.031

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Distribution patterns and driving mechanism of soil protozoan community at the different depths of Larix principis-chinensis forest in the Luya Mountain, China

REN Qianru1, MAO Xiaoya1, QI Xiaojun1, LIU Jinxian1, JIA Tong1, WU Tiehang2, CHAI Baofeng1*   

  1. 1Shanxi Key Laboratory of Ecological Restoration on Loess Plateau, Institute of Loess Plateau, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China;
    2Department of Biology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro GA 30460-8042, USA
  • Received:2022-10-18 Accepted:2023-03-01 Online:2023-05-15 Published:2023-11-15

Abstract: To reveal the assembly mechanisms of soil protozoan community in subalpine forest ecosystems, we analyzed the composition and diversity of protozoan communities and their drivers at the six strata (the litter profile, humus profile, 0-10 cm, 10-20 cm, 20-40 cm and 40-80 cm) of soil profiles in subalpine Larix principis-rupprechtii forest in Luya Mountain using Illumina Miseq high-throughput sequencing technology. The results showed that protozoa in the soil profiles belonged to 335 genera, 206 families, 114 orders, 57 classes, 21 phyla, and 8 kingdoms. There were five dominant phyla (relative abundance >1%) and 10 dominant families (relative abundance >5%). The α diversity decreased significantly with increasing soil depth. Results of PCoA analysis showed that the spatial composition and structure of protozoan community differed significantly across soil depths. The results of RDA analysis showed that soil pH and soil water content were important factors driving protozoan community structure across soil profile. Null model analysis suggested that the heterogeneous selection dominated the processes of protozoan community assemblage. Molecular ecological network analysis revealed that the complexity of soil proto-zoan communities decreased continuously with increasing depth. These results elucidate the assembly mechanism of soil microbial community in subalpine forest ecosystem.

Key words: protozoa, community diversity, Larix principis-rupprechtii, soil profile, community assemblage