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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2023, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 2471-2480.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202309.026

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Construction of ecological network based on habitat risks identifying by points of interest: A case study of Wuhan Metropolitan Area

HAO Mengyuan1, LIU Dianfeng1,2*   

  1. 1School of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2Digital Mapping and Key Laboratory of Land Information Application Engineering Department of Natural Resources, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2023-05-15 Revised:2023-07-18 Online:2023-09-15 Published:2024-03-16

Abstract: Ecological network construction plays a key role in ecological restoration, which can effectively mitigate negative effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity. Here, we proposed an improved analytical framework for ecological network identification. Specifically, ecological sources were identified using a three-dimension indicator system in terms of form, quality and functions of habitats. Ecological resistance surfaces were determined based on the incorporation of points of interest data that could characterize human activities into habitat risk assessment (HRA) model, while ecological corridors were extracted using circuit theory approach. With Wuhan Metropolitan Area as a case, we explored the key points and structures of ecological network. Moreover, we compared the construction method of ecological resistance surface based on points of interest and HRA model with traditional methods that determined by land use types and by traditional HRA model, to validate the proposed framework. The results showed that the ecological source area of Wuhan Metropolitan Area was 15200 km2, the length of ecological corridor was 1956.68 km, and that there were 87 ecological “pinch points” and 67 ecological barrier points. Compared with traditional methods, the material circulation, network complexity, and ecological connectivity of the ecological network identified by the improved framework were significantly improved, with network closure, dot-line ratio, and network connectivity being increased by 61.5%, 28.1% and 28.7% on average. The identified ecological “pinch points” and barrier points could provide precise decision-making support for ecological restoration and conservation.

Key words: ecological network, ecological risk, point of interest, ecological resistance surface, Wuhan Metropo-litan Area