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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2023, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 1474-1482.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202306.026

• Special Features of Regional Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Construction and optimization of ecological networks based on future scenario simulation in Qianshan City, Anhui Province

LI Jiulin1,3*, HU Dawei1,3, CHU Jinlong1,3, YIN Haiwei2,3   

  1. 1School of Architecture and Planning, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230022, China;
    2School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    3Anhui Collaborative Innovation Center for Urbanization Construction, Hefei 230022, China
  • Received:2023-03-21 Accepted:2023-04-10 Online:2023-06-15 Published:2023-12-15

Abstract: The rapid urbanization adversely affects landscape pattern of mountainous cities. It is of great practical significance to explore the spatial and temporal evolution of ecological networks in mountainous areas to achieve regional ecological security. Taking Qianshan City in Anhui Province as an example, based on the land use data in 2012 and 2020, we simulated the land use situation in 2036 with PLUS model, and constructed the ecological networks in 2020 and 2036, respectively. We further analyzed its spatial and temporal evolution characteristics and explored the optimization path of ecological network. The results showed that the scale of various land use types in Qianshan City would change little from 2020 to 2036. The construction land would be centered on the built-up area, expanding in a point and block shape to the surrounding area. The ecological space would be continuously squeezed and encroached. The overall complexity and connectivity of ecological networks in Qianshan City would increase. The number and area of ecological source sites would increase, expanding spatially to the southwest and northeast. The overall density and number of ecological corridors would increase, with a lack of ecological corridor connections in the east-west direction, which need urgent improvement. The stability of ecological networks could be improved through three major measures, including protection and restoration of source sites, optimization and cultivation of corridors, and zoning control.

Key words: land use, ecological network, ecological corridor, PLUS model