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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2024, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 705-712.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202403.017

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Effects of returning paddy field to wetland on composition and stability of soil aggregates in the Yellow River Delta

LU Guowei1, WANG Qixuan1, YANG Jisong1,2, SUN Dandan1, WANG Zhikang1, ZHOU Di1, GUAN Bo1, YU Junbao1, NING Kai2   

  1. 1Institute for Advanced Study of Coastal Ecology, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, Shandong, China;
    2Dongying Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Dongying 257091, Shandong, China
  • Received:2023-10-26 Revised:2024-01-29 Online:2024-03-18 Published:2024-06-18

Abstract: The composition and stability of soil aggregates are important indicators for measuring soil quality, which would be affected by land use changes. Taking wetlands with different returning years (2 and 15 years) in the Yellow River Delta as the research object, paddy fields and natural wetlands as control, we analyzed the changes in soil physicochemical properties and soil aggregate composition. The results showed that soil water content, total organic carbon, dissolved organic carbon and total phosphorus of the returning soil (0-40 cm) showed an overall increasing trend with returning period, while soil pH and bulk density was in adverse. There was no significant change in clay content, electrical conductivity, and total nitrogen content. The contents of macro-aggregates and micro-aggregates showed overall increasing and decreasing trend with returning period, respectively. The stability of aggregates in the topsoil (0-10 cm) increased with returning years. Geometric mean diameter and mean weight diameter increased by 8.9% and 40.4% in the 15th year of returning, respectively, while the mass proportion of >2.5 mm fraction decreased by 10.5%. There was no effect of returning on aggregates in subsoil (10-40 cm). Our results indicated that returning paddy field to wetland in the Yellow River Delta would play a positive role in improving soil structure and aggregate stability.

Key words: soil aggregate, aggregate stability, soil property, returning paddy field to wetland, Yellow River Delta