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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2024, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 439-446.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202402.013

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Effects of light and water availability on the growth of Aglaia duperreana seedlings

GAN Feifei, ZHAO Lijun*, HUO Chanchan, WANG Sheng   

  1. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Conservation, College of Forestry, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
  • Received:2023-09-26 Revised:2024-01-08 Online:2024-02-18 Published:2024-08-18

Abstract: Aglaia duperreana, a species with a long cultivation history, is of high ornamental value. To understand the growth and photosynthetic changes of A. duperreana seedlings under variable environmental conditions, we conducted an experiment with light intensities adjusted at 70%, 50% and 30%, crossed with three moisture treatments at 70%, 50% and 30% of field capacity, and a control group which maintained 90% light intensity and 90% field capacity. The results showed that both drought stress and shading propensity significantly inhibited the growth of A. duperreana seedlings, with stronger impacts from drought stress. The increments in stem height and ground diameter, net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, and chlorophyll content were decreased with the maximum declines by 71.4%, 81.2%, 93.2%, 71.5%, 70.6% and 30.4%, respectively. Under severe drought stress (30% of field capacity), partial shading (50% of translucency) appeared to lessen the detrimental effects of drought. The combination of 70% translucency and 70% field capacity was optimal, resulting in higher increments in stem height, leaf area, net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, and stomatal conductance. The maximum fluorescence, variable fluorescence, PSⅡ potential activity, and PSⅡ maximum light energy conversion efficiency increased and then decreased with decreasing moisture. These findings suggested that A. duperreana could adapt to drought and shading stress by modulating growth, enhancing chlorophyll content, and adjusting photosynthetic system. Maintaining translucency at 70% and field moisture capacity at 70% could promote photosynthesis, with positive consequences on growth of A. duperreana.

Key words: light, moisture, growth characteristics, photosynthesis, Aglaia duperreana