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应用生态学报 ›› 2003, Vol. ›› Issue (11): 1951-1954.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中华蜜蜂交配和产卵行为生态学研究

余林生1, 孟祥金2, 吴承武3   

  1. 1. 安徽农业大学, 合肥 230036;
    2. 安徽省农业委员会, 合肥 230001;
    3. 安徽省黄山市畜牧水产局, 黄山 245000
  • 收稿日期:2001-12-29 修回日期:2003-06-04
  • 通讯作者: 余林生,男,1964年生,副教授,主要从事蜜蜂生物学与生态学研究,发表论文38篇.Tel:0551-2846158,E-mail:yulinsheng@yahoo.com.cn.
  • 基金资助:
    安徽省自然科学基金资助项目(03041202)

Behavior ecological study on copulation and oviposition of Apis cerana cerana Fab

YU Linsheng1, MENG Xiangjin2, WU Chengwu 3   

  1. 1. Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China;
    2. Anhui Agricultural Committee, Hefei 230001, China;
    3. Anhui Huangshan Husbandry and Aquaculture Bureau, Huangshan 245000, China
  • Received:2001-12-29 Revised:2003-06-04

摘要: 研究了中华蜜蜂(Apiscerana cerana Fab.)蜂王与雄蜂交配行为生态以及蜂王产卵行为生态.结果表明,温度对中华蜜蜂蜂王和雄蜂封盖子期影响,导致蜂王初生重、性成熟时间差异显著(P<0.05).蜂王和雄蜂认巢飞行次数分别为1.23~1.31和1.08~1.13,持续时间分别为0.12~0.13和0.16~0.20h;蜂王和雄蜂交配飞行次数分别为1.10~1.12和1.01~1.05,持续时间分别为0.22~0.23和0.18~0.23h;蜂王与雄蜂交配最适宜温度为20~28℃.蜂王交配飞行一次侧输卵管的精子数为3.37×106~4.15×106,自然交配产卵蜂王受精囊精子数为3.55×106~3.62×106.蜂王初生重与产卵量之间呈正相关,周年蜂王产卵量受气候和蜜粉源影响明显.

关键词: 中华蜜蜂, 蜂王, 雄蜂, 交配行为, 产卵行为

Abstract: The behavior ecology of copulation and oviposition of Apis cerana cerana Fab. was studied. The results showed that temperature influence on the cell-covered time of Apis cerana cerana queen and drone induced the remarkable difference in their newborn weight and mature time (P<0.05). Queen and drone fly frequency for discerning cell was 1.23~1.31 and 1.08~1.13,and duration was 0.12~0.13h and 0.16~0.20h. Their copulation fly frequency was 1.10~1.12 and 1.10~1.05,and duration was 0.22~0.23h and 0.18~0.23h. The most suitable temperature for copulation was 20~28℃. The number of semen in side-oviduct of the queen in each copulation fly was 3.37×106~4.15×106,and in natural copulation,semen number in spermathecal sac was 3.55 ×106~3.62×106. There was a direct relationship between queen newborn weight and ovulation number. The annual effect of climate and flower fertility on the queen's ovulation number was obvious.

Key words: Apis cerana cerana Fab., Honeybee queen, Drone, Copulation, Oviposition

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