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Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ›› 2024, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 480-488.doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202402.019

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Assessment of land use change of ecological green wedge and cooling island effect: A case study of Wuhan, China

LIU Huimin1,2, QIAN Wenqi1, TANG Lujia1,2, WU Yihan3,4,5*, ZENG Jiaying1   

  1. 1School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China;
    2Research Center for Digital City, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China;
    3Key Laboratory of Ecology and Energy Saving Study of Dense Habitat, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 200092, China;
    4School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430079, China;
    5Hubei Engineering and Technology Research Center of Urbanization, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2023-10-31 Revised:2023-12-10 Online:2024-02-18 Published:2024-08-18

Abstract: The construction of urban ecological green wedges, which can mitigate the heat island effect through cooling and ventilation effects, is an important way to enhance the adaptation of cities to climate change. Dynamic monitoring and periodic assessment of both the conservation status and cooling effect of ecological green wedges is a key to ensure the heat mitigation benefits. Based on multi-source remote sensing data, we systematically analyzed the land use changes of six ecological green wedges in Wuhan in 2013 and 2020 using the methods of Markov transfer matrix, land use dynamics, and comprehensive index of land use degree, and evaluated the changes in surface temperature of the ecological green wedges and their cooling island effect. Results showed that the ecological green wedges in Wuhan generally had a large amount of construction land encroaching on ecological land from 2013 to 2020, with the water decreased the most. With the continuous deterioration of ecological green wedges, their land surface temperatures showed rising trends, together with significant weakening trends in cooling island effects. Among all the six wedges, the Dadonghu, Tangxun, and Wuhu exhibited relatively better ecological conservation, slighter land use change and lower overall development degree. Qinglinghu and Houguanhu demonstrated average levels of conservation. Fuhe experienced the most severe change under the significant influence of the westward policy of Wuhan City, with the proportion of water decreasing by 7.1%, warming up by 3.00 ℃, and the largest reduction in cooling distance for the cooling island effect, amounting to about 210 m. The results provided scientific evidence for the urban heat island mitigation-oriented planning and management of ecological green wedges for Wuhan City.

Key words: ecological green wedge, land use change, cooling island effect, planning assessment